According to the decision of the British court, Scotland needs permission from London to vote for independence

The UK’s Supreme Court has ruled that the Scottish Government has no legal authority to hold an independence referendum without the consent of Downing Street, scuppering plans for next year’s vote.

Nicola Sturgeon, Scotland’s first minister, told parliament in Edinburgh in June that she wanted to hold a referendum in October 2023. Lord Advocate Dorothy Bain, Scotland’s most senior law officer, took the bill to the High Court because she did not have the “necessary degree of confidence” that the devolved parliament had the power to legislate for a vote on the division of the United Kingdom.

Chief Justice Lord Robert Reed said on Wednesday that the proposed legislation would cover reserved matters and therefore the Scottish Parliament had no power to legislate for a referendum.

The judges rejected the Lord Advocate’s argument that the fact that the proposed referendum would be “advisory” meant it was unrelated to the union reserved for the London government.

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Sir James Eadie, representing the UK government, described the argument as “strange” as the planned referendum would not be just a referendum but part of a political strategy to end the union between Scotland and England.

Sturgeon has previously said she will use the next UK general election as a “de facto” referendum if the High Court rules she does not have the authority to hold an independence vote.